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Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan

Narrated by: Jonathan Yen
Length: 29 hrs and 55 mins
4 out of 5 stars (1 rating)
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Summary

In this groundbreaking biography of the Japanese emperor Hirohito, Herbert P. Bix offers the first complete, unvarnished look at the enigmatic leader whose 63-year reign ushered Japan into the modern world. Never before has the full life of this controversial figure been revealed with such clarity and vividness. Bix describes what it was like to be trained from birth for a lone position at the apex of the nation's political hierarchy and as a revered symbol of divine status. 

Influenced by an unusual combination of the Japanese imperial tradition and a modern scientific worldview, the young emperor gradually evolves into his preeminent role, aligning himself with the growing ultranationalist movement, perpetuating a cult of religious emperor worship, resisting attempts to curb his power, and all the while burnishing his image as a reluctant, passive monarch. Here we see Hirohito as he truly was: a man of strong will and real authority.

Supported by a vast array of previously untapped primary documents, Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan is perhaps most illuminating in lifting the veil on the mythology surrounding the emperor's impact on the world stage. Focusing closely on Hirohito's interactions with his advisers and successive Japanese governments, Bix sheds new light on the causes of the China War in 1937 and the start of the Asia-Pacific War in 1941. And while conventional wisdom has had it that the nation's increasing foreign aggression was driven and maintained not by the emperor but by an elite group of Japanese militarists, the reality, as witnessed here, is quite different. 

Bix documents in detail the strong, decisive role Hirohito played in wartime operations, from the takeover of Manchuria in 1931 through the attack on Pearl Harbor and ultimately the fateful decision in 1945 to accede to an unconditional surrender. In fact, the emperor stubbornly prolonged the war effort and then used the horrifying bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, together with the Soviet entrance into the war, as his exit strategy from a no-win situation. From the moment of capitulation, we learn how American and Japanese leaders moved to justify the retention of Hirohito as emperor by whitewashing his wartime role and reshaping the historical consciousness of the Japanese people. 

The key to this strategy was Hirohito's alliance with General MacArthur, who helped him maintain his stature and shed his militaristic image, while MacArthur used the emperor as a figurehead to assist him in converting Japan into a peaceful nation. Their partnership ensured that the emperor's image would loom large over the postwar years and later decades, as Japan began to make its way in the modern age and struggled - as it still does - to come to terms with its past.

Until the very end of a career that embodied the conflicting aims of Japan's development as a nation, Hirohito remained preoccupied with politics and with his place in history. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan provides the definitive account of his rich life and legacy. Meticulously researched and utterly engaging, this book is proof that the history of 20th-century Japan cannot be understood apart from the life of its most remarkable and enduring leader.

©2016 Herbert P. Bix (P)2018 Tantor

Critic reviews

"A historical bombshell.... Compelling.... The most controversial book yet on Japan's previous emperor." (The Economist)

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  • tommy busher
  • 23-02-19

Skip the first two segments of this book

This is a good book full of great facts and well written. But the author is clearly far left and uses a Marxist Anti American lens to see the events of the world. I wish the author would of kept his political criticisms to his self and just focused on the main point of the book. Other than his repugnant and non-historical view of America in the early 20th century, he does a wonderful job in this book.

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    3 out of 5 stars
  • night owl
  • 16-01-19

Ruined by narration

Jonathan Jen's narration made it hard for me to finnish, what is probably a great book. Bix give a very negative account of Hirohito. Other histories I've read don't give the emperor so much power. Reading this, one would believe Hirohito was responsible for Japan's war as well as it's defeat. If possible I recommend the print version. Even though , I disliked the narrative, the book was worth my credit. However I'm not sure of it's view of the emperor.

1 of 2 people found this review helpful